Holy Places in Madina Munawara ( Ziarats)
Holy Places in Madina Munawarra ( Ziarats) . On 23 June 2005, the travel agent on special request of the contingent members arranged visit to the holy places around Madina Munawarra. Visit was to start at 6:30 AM on 23 June 2005, and the main reason for this early start of the visit was to avoid heat hours of the day since the visit was expected to take around three to four hours to complete.
Around eighty people opted to go for the visit and for the same purpose one big road liner of sixty seats and one mini bus of thirty seats capacity were arranged by our agent. For this tour my mother and my wife opted to stay in the hotel, as both were not feeling well.
Out tour started as per schedule, my family got seats in the mini bus. Visiting these holy places is like traveling back in the time. We visited the holy places in the following sequence: -
Masjid Quba . This mosque is the first mosque in the history of Islam. The HolyProphet (PBUH) himself laid down its foundation stone during his stay there before arriving at Madina Munawarra.
The mosque is situated about three kilometers away from Masjid-e-Nabvi. We tried to come to Masjid Quba as often as we could while we were in Madinah. A Hadith states that offering 2 rakats of Nawafil prayer in it is equal in blessings and reward to one Umrah. This mosque is also an exceptional masterpiece of architecture. Just outside the mosque building there is a date market from where people can buy dates. A good ablution place is available in the mosque area for the pilgrims. Separate praying place for the ladies exists in the mosque. It is situated in the south of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
Masjid-e-Jummah. This mosque is located short of Madina Munawarra city. Holy Prophet (PBUH) offered prayers at that place once he moved from Quba toMadina Munawarra.
When he reached the location of Bano-Salam-Bin-Auftribe on his way to Madina City, the time for Jummah (Friday) prayers came, so first Jummah prayers were held here at that place and afterwards a mosque was constructed at the same spot. It is situated south of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
Ruins of Masjid-e-Zarrar. Those Muslims who were having ties with Non-Muslims and Jews of Madina built this mosque and all planning was done here in order to cause harm to the true followers of Islam and Holy Prophet (PBUH). To save Muslims from the harm of such people this mosque was destroyed and burnt on the orders of Holy Prophet (PBUH). The ruins of the mosque are still present for people to see and learn lesson.
Masjid-e-Ali (Bir-Zulhalifa, Abyar-e-Ali). This mosque was built at a point twelve kilometers outside the city of Madina Munawarra declared as Meeqat for pilgrims.
Here a well is present which is called Ali’s Well and the place is also called as Abyar-e-Ali. All buses / vehicles going to Makkah stop here and pilgrims change into Ihrams here.
Masjid-e-Ghamama. This mosque is situated at a walking distance from Masjid-e-Nabvi, and here Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) offered prayers for rain.
Saudi government has made a very beautiful pink wall around the mosque and the wall is well decorated with electric lanterns hanging with date tree planks. It is also calledMasjid-e-Eid because the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and companions used to offer the Eid prayers here. I saw people, mostly Iranians, offering Nawafils in the mosque. It is situated southwest of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
Masjid-e-AbuBakar. Just 40 yards away from Masjid-e-Ghamama, this small mosque is located. It is believed that first Caliph used to live here and after his house was demolished this mosque was built at the exact same site.
This mosque is not in a good shape and authorities have not paid much attention towards it. This mosque requires extensive repairs and maintenance. It is located towards southwest of Masjid-e-Nabvi. It is also believed that this mosque has been built at the same location where first Caliph led few prayers during his tenure as Caliph.
Masjid-e-Ali. Ali-mosque is an important mosque situated very near to Masjid-e-Nabvi and it is believed that fourth Caliph Ali used to live there. It is towards west of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
Masjid-e-Umar . This mosque is situated near Masjid-eGhamama and is white in color.
For information of visitors the mosque is located behind Telephone exchange situated next to Masjid-e-Ghamama.
Masjid-e-Bilal . This mosque is situated near the date market, which is adjacent to the shopping market of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
If time is available one must visit the mosque and offer Nawafil there.
Uhad Mountain and Graves of Martyrs. After visiting mosques in the close vicinity of Masjid-e-Nabvi our group moved to UhadMountain to see the battlefield of second battle of Islamic history and pay our homage to the martyrs of the battle. At Uhad one finds the graves of the martyrs of the Battle and Sayed-us-Shuda Hazarat Hamza (The Uncle of Holy Prophet).
All the graves are inside a cemented walled boundary and people can see the graves through windows in the walls. One should pray to All Mighty Allah for peace and eternity of the people buried there. It was hard to come here and see that they have been buried in the middle of a valley in the middle of the desert. These great people of Islam who lived and died for their beliefs and now for last fourteen hundred years, they rested here in the middle of nowhere.
Here one can also see the complete battlefield of Uhad by standing at the same high point (Now a Small Hill), where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) deployed the archers before the battle. Standing in the middle of the small hill one can easily imagine the two armies fighting. If some one has a little bit interest in Muslim history or has read early battles of Islam, than he can easily imagine the complete chronicles of the events in right sequence. Uhad is fairly developed now and there are many houses in the vicinity of battlefield. Here at Uhad there is a mini open market as well, mostly vendors are found selling cheap merchandise. Since Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) declared this mountain range a friend, therefore people do shop from this place and buy eatable as well. There is a Hadith that Uhad Mountain is one of the doors of Paradise.
The only sad thing about visiting this Holy place was the amount of “tourism”there. Vendors, beggars and merchandise hawkers were in abundance. The atmosphere was almost like a carnival! It seemed kind of odd and quite worldly at such a holy place. After visiting Uhad Mountain our group moved to Masjid-e-Qiblatain. While on the way to the mosque our tour guide showed us the small waterway used by Hazarat Khalid Bin Walid as a cover while launching counter attack on the Muslims during Uhad battle.
Masjid-e-Qiblatain. One of the famous mosques we visited was the Masjid-e-Qiblatain. It was here, where the Holy Prophet (PBUH) received revelation in the middle of a prayer to change the direction they were facing from Jerusalem toMasjid Al Haram.
The mosque still retains the prayer niche facing Jerusalem; hence the name Qiblatain mosque of the two Qiblas came into origin. It is a bit tricky to face holy Kabba in this mosque for a new comer and one must ask if he or she is in doubt regarding direction of Kabba. In this mosque place for ablution is available and one can easily offer Nawafils after ablution. Separate praying place for the ladies exists in the mosque.
Al-Haidery Dates Packing Factory (Madina Munawarra). After visiting Qiblatain mosque our tour guide took us to Al-Haidery dates packing factory situated in the close vicinity of the mosque. Here we visited the complete factory and were impressed with different types and qualities of dates being processed and packed in the factory. This factory is the largest factory in the Madina Munawarra and dates produced by the factory are available through out the country. Almost every member of the group bought dates from the factory shop. Rates of different products available in the factory shop were quite lesser than the shops in the vicinity of Masjid-e-Nabvi. My family also bought around ten kilograms dates of different types and quality.
Battle of Trench (Locations). After buying dates from the market our guide took the group to the locations where the battlefield of battle of trench was set. Here our tour guide showed us the mount where Muslim camp for the battle was established. Here we visited Masjid-e-Fatah (Victory Mosque) as known asMasjid-e-Al-Ahzab. Here Holy Prophet (PBUH) prayed during the days ofBattle of Trench and by the grace of All Mighty Allah victory was bestowed upon Muslims. Besides Masjid-e-Fatah, our guide showed us Masajid-e-Khamsa (Five Mosques Mosques Mo Mosques). These mosques were built at the same locations where the tents of Muslim commanders were pitched for the battle. The mosques have been named after following Sahaba (Prophets’s Companions) Hazarat Salman Farsi, Hazarat Abu-Bakar, Hazarat Ali, HazaratUmar and Hazarat Saad Bin Maaz. Here a mosque in the name of Bibi Fatima (Daughter of Holy Prophet) has also been made and it is situated on the same location where the camp of Muslims women was located.
As far as trench is concerned it is no more there, after fourteen hundred years it is very difficult to even point out the places where the Muslims dug that trench. However tour operators do show people general area of the trench and minor details are also narrated to the pilgrims to support their claims but there is no authenticity in the information being given by those tour operators. Visiting locations of battle of Trench was the last place planned in the visit and after that we came back to our hotel. It took us around three and half hours to complete our visit of holy places. At the end of the tour our tour operator charged ten rayals each from us as a fee and left happily.